Social Studies is defined as the integrated study of the social sciences and humanities to promote civic competence. Within the school program, social studies provides coordinated, systematic study drawing upon such disciplines as anthropology, archeology, economics, geography, history, law, philosophy, political science, psychology, religion, and sociology, as well as appropriate content from the humanities, mathematics, and natural sciences. The primary purpose of social studies is to help young people make informed and reasoned decisions for the public good as citizens of a culturally diverse, democratic society in an interdependent world.    
       True historical understanding requires students to engage in historical thinking:  to raise questions and to marshal solid evidence in support of their answers; to go beyond the facts presented in their textbooks and examine the historical record for themselves; to consult documents, journal diaries, artifacts, historic sites, works of art, quantitative data, and other evidence from the past, and to do so imaginatively- taking into account the historical context in which these records were created and comparing the multiple points of view of those on the scene at the time. (adapted from The National Council For The Social